Posted by: Jacquie Fisher   

Leaf Rubbing Art & Science Activity

I have always loved making leaf rubbings

Ever since I was a child, I was fascinated by this beautiful self-made art -- the instant 'picture' that was created just by covering a leaf with paper and running a crayon over the top.

As I grew to become a nature lover, I realized that making a leaf print is much more than just a pretty picture -- it's also a peek into the science of trees.

Leaf Rubbing art with crayons, pencils and more creative ideasLeaf Rubbing Art & Science Project

Leaf rubbing is one of those crafts that almost every child tries as Autumn approaches. 

We see so many beautiful leaves covering the ground that we are drawn to capture both their shape and hue on paper.

I especially enjoy this activity in late October and November -- it's very creative and one of many fun Thanksgiving activities for kids that encourage them to get outside on those cool Fall days.

Since we've always done traditional leaf rubbings, I thought we'd venture out this year and experiment with the art form by using materials that are slightly different than the standard white paper and crayon technique.  I've included some science terms for discussion during the activity along with affiliate links to a few books and items we used to create our prints.

As with many of our activities, we always being with a book for inspiration!  Here are a few wonderful books to read before you begin creating your leaf rubbings:

 

Why Do Leaves Change Color? (Let's-Read-and-Find-Out Science, Stage 2) - easy science for young kids!  The book helps younger kids to better understanding of the true color of a leaf and why we see colors change in Autumn.

The Let's Read & Find Out Science series is one of our favorites and a great series of books that explores many science and nature areas.

 

Autumn Leaves shares an up close look at 13 different trees and leaves in a manner that's appealing to kids.  Your kids will be able to identify the leaves they use when they create their rubbings by reading & using this book!

A non-book option would be the Fandex Family Field Guide to Trees which includes details for the leaf, bark pattern and tree seeds in one cool learning deck!

 

Awesome Autumn is one of my favorite Fall reads (it's also included on our list of 14 Favorite Fall Books for Kids too)! The pictures are beautiful and there are so many fun facts in this book -- even I learned a few new things!

 

A Fun Art Twist on traditional Leaf Rubbing

Here's what you'll need to get started:

 

Feel free to mix and match your papers and drawing supplies in any way you'd like to for the project. 

For example, you might use oil pastels with all three types of paper to examine how the leaf print looks different based on the type of paper.

Or you could use all three drawing tools (crayons, oil pastels and colored pencils) on one piece of paper to create a more layered leaf print!

 

Creating Leaf Rubbings

My daughter chose a different color for each of her drawing supplies and we created leaf prints for all four types of coverings. 

We placed the leaf and paper on a 9 x 12 Clipboard to hold them both in place as we created our prints.

 

Leaf Print made by rubbing with oil pastel on wax paper | Edventures with Kids

First we used an orange Oil Pastel Stick on the wax paper. 

Wax paper has a glossy surface and the oil pastel compliments it nicely. 

It really looks like a 'wet' print when you're finished.

 

Leaf rubbing with colored pencil on tracing paper | Edventures with Kids

On our tracing paper, she chose to use a yellow colored pencil. 

With colored pencils, you only need to apply light pressure as you rub the side of the tip across the paper.  If you push too hard, the pencil will rip the paper.

And let kids get creative -- if they want a purple or rainbow leaf rubbing, great!

 

Leaf rubbing with crayons on parchment paper | Edventures with Kids

We used red crayon to create a leaf print on the parchment paper. 

This was my favorite as I think it captured the most detail in the leaf. 

You can find parchment paper in rolls (similar to tin foil) or buy flat sheets of parchment paper which is easier if you're doing this activity with a group!

But I will warn you, parchment paper in it's nature is a non-stick material -- which also means that most tape and glue won't work with it if you are hoping to display the print. 

We did find out that you can tape the edges of the print to a window but it would not adhere to other pieces of paper.

 

Leaf Print with tin foil | Edventures with Kids

When we used the aluminum foil, we just ran the side of a pencil over the leaf. 

Our goal was to create a raised leaf print instead of a colored print. 

It was a nice change-up since you can feel the maze of veins from the leaf.  This is really for more science exploration than art.

 

Leaf rubbings using different Art materials | Edventures with Kids

Here are all three prints displayed with our leaf.

If your kids enjoy this crafty activity, they might also like this Leaf Scratch Art Kit too!

 

The Science of Leaves

As you create the leaf prints, talk to your kids about the various parts and functions of a leaf. 

The broad flat part of the leaf is called it's blade.

The lines that run through the blade are the leaf's veins.  Veins carry food and water to the tree. 

The stalk of the leaf is called a petiole. 

 

 

The Science of Leaf Prints | Edventures with Kids

If your kids are curious of leaves, try this How does a Leaf Breathe? experiment which can be done in the backyard or classroom!

 Many kids will usually ask--

Why is a leaf green?

Leaves contain chlorophyll, which has a green pigment.  Chlorophyll is the substance that absorbs sunlight to use in photosynthesis (the process of turning carbon dioxide and water into food for the tree).

 

Why do leaves change colors?

In Autumn, when the days get shorter and colder, the tree knows that winter is coming.  Since there is not enough sunlight and water available during winter, the tree goes into a resting period where it will stop producing food. 

When chlorophyll stops being made, the green color fades and we see the other colors that have always been in the leaf.  This question is also addressed in detail in the book Why Do Leaves Change Color? with beautiful illustrations that highlight the ideas!

If you have green leaves that haven't changed color, you can use chromatography paper for an experiment to test and see what color the leaf will be when chlorophyll is no longer made!

 

Leaf Print Experiment |Edventures with Kids

Hang your leaf prints on a window and let the kids get a good look at them. 

You might want to have them look at the leaf itself and then the print so they can compare what they see.  Plus, it's adds a touch of Fall to any room!

 

 

 

Here's a quick video with all the details on this project -- perfect to show to kids before you get started!

Looking for more STEM ideas? 

The STEM Toys & Game Store showcases all the latest & greatest in learning toys for kids so be sure to check out the selection!

 

MORE FUN FALL ACTIVITIES

Fall Family BINGO Activities {free printable}

55 Free Fall Printables

20 Outdoor Fall Science Activities

 

things to do in the fall

You might also like:

Creating a Fall Nature Tray

Creating a Fall Nature Tray

 

8 Apple Activities for Kids
12 Perfect Pumpkin Books for Kids

Comments

 
Guest - Sue Lively on Wednesday, 10 September 2014 17:57

Some great ideas here. Have never thought of using tin foil over a leaf - what an interesting twist! Thanks for sharing with the Love to Learn Linky! Best, Sue

Some great ideas here. Have never thought of using tin foil over a leaf - what an interesting twist! Thanks for sharing with the Love to Learn Linky! Best, Sue
Guest - Rebekah on Sunday, 14 September 2014 00:58

This looks like a great way to take a classic art project to another level. I love the incorporation of science into this project. :)

This looks like a great way to take a classic art project to another level. I love the incorporation of science into this project. :)
Guest - Joy @ JoyfullyGreen on Friday, 24 October 2014 14:45

Hi Jacquie!
Happy to discover your site through Pinterest! I included this post on leaf rubbings in my round-up of "Joyful Reads for the Weekend", the autumn crafts edition. The link to it is here, if you'd like to take a look: http://www.joyfullygreen.com/2014/10/joyful-reads-for-the-weekend-vol-35-awesome-autumn-craft-ideas.html.

I wasn't quite sure whether your site is called Edventures or KC Edventures, so I used the former. If you'd prefer something different, just let me know and I'll change it on my blog post. Thanks, Jacquie!

Looking forward to learning more creative ideas from you!

Warmly,
Joy

Hi Jacquie! Happy to discover your site through Pinterest! I included this post on leaf rubbings in my round-up of "Joyful Reads for the Weekend", the autumn crafts edition. The link to it is here, if you'd like to take a look: http://www.joyfullygreen.com/2014/10/joyful-reads-for-the-weekend-vol-35-awesome-autumn-craft-ideas.html. I wasn't quite sure whether your site is called Edventures or KC Edventures, so I used the former. If you'd prefer something different, just let me know and I'll change it on my blog post. Thanks, Jacquie! Looking forward to learning more creative ideas from you! Warmly, Joy
Guest - Sangeetha menon on Wednesday, 08 July 2015 20:37

When I was a kid ,I used to do this DIY. Simply love the patterns that are formed by rubbing different types of leafs

When I was a kid ,I used to do this DIY. Simply love the patterns that are formed by rubbing different types of leafs
Guest - Sarah Eliza @ devastateboredom on Sunday, 13 September 2015 02:52

So pretty! And a thoughtful post about the science behind leaves too. :)

Thanks for stopping by Free and Fun Friday! Next week (or even still this week!) I would love for you to link up one of your free printable... that way I will be able to tweet and pin your post to the party board as well. Hope to see you again really soon!!

So pretty! And a thoughtful post about the science behind leaves too. :) Thanks for stopping by Free and Fun Friday! Next week (or even still this week!) I would love for you to link up one of your free printable... that way I will be able to tweet and pin your post to the party board as well. Hope to see you again really soon!!
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